Hematological and lymphoid malignancies (Blood and lymph node cancers)
Many childhood cancers have higher survival rates when diagnosed in the early stages of cancer. It is recommended that children should have regular medical check-ups with a pediatric oncologist and that parents must pay close attention to the development of unusual signs or chronic symptoms of pediatric cancer.
Discuss your child’s symptoms with your pediatrician so that, they can suggest screening tests or biopsy accordingly, which involves removing some cells within the tumour for examination.
Common Malignancies In Children
Hematological and lymphoid malignancies
(Blood and lymph node cancers)
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Hodgkin lymphoma
- Non Hodgkin lymphoma
- Brain tumors
- Wilms tumor
- Germ cell tumors
- Bone tumors
- Other rare tumors
Long Term Follow Up
Childhood Cancer survivors can lead a normal healthy life after completion of therapy. They can go to school and integrate with society normally after the completion of cancer treatment. They can come for a check-up once in 3 to 6 months for early detection of long-term side effects. Childhood immunisation will be repeated after the completion of therapy.
Causes Of Cancer In Children
This is the most frequently asked question from caregivers. The cause of cancers in children is unknown in most cases. Unlike adults, cancers in children are unrelated to habits like smoking or alcoholism. It is irrelevant to childhood-rearing practices and is not due to anyone’s fault. It is not hereditary in 95% of cancers. Very few cancers are hereditary, like retinoblastoma.
Symptoms of Pediatric Cancer
Brain Tumors Symptoms in Children
- Nerve Palsies
- Altered Sensorium
Retinoblastoma Symptoms in Children
- Whitish opacity in the eye
- Decreased vision
Solid tumors Symptoms in Childres
- Loss of weight, appetite
- Red coloured urine
- Bonetumors - bony selling, pain, Fracture
Leukemias and lymphomas Symptoms in Children
- Weight loss, loss of appetite
- Liver and spleen enlargement
- Lymph node enlargement
1. Is Cancer Contagious?
Cancer is not contagious (It does not spread from one person to the other by contact droplets or aerosols). Children with cancer are often advised not to attend school since they are at risk of infections due to reduced immunity.
2. Is cancer caused by eating sugary food?
No.There are no studies which have shown that eating sugar will make your cancer worse or that, if you stop eating sugar, your cancer will shrink or disappear.
3. My child has been diagnosed with cancer. What is the risk of my other children getting it?
There are a small number of very rare genetic syndromes that are associated with an increased risk of developing childhood cancer. The cause is unclear for most children, and it is extremely rare for more than one child to be diagnosed within the same family.
4. I have been told that my child must have a central line to have chemotherapy. Why can't he have his chemo through his veins in his hands and arms?
Some Chemotherapy drugs can irritate the veins, and if given through an ordinary drip into the veins in the hands and arms, these quite quickly become scarred, and it can be difficult to get drips in, which can be painful and distressing.
5. Can cancer surgery or a biopsy cause cancer to spread in the body?
The chances of surgery causing cancer to spread to other body parts are extremely low. Surgeons Follow standard Procedures and special techniques to prevent cancer cells from spreading during biopsies or surgery to remove tumours.
6. Can herbal products cure cancer?
No. No herbal products have been shown to be effective in treating cancer. Some herbal products may be harmful when taken during chemotherapy or radiation therapy because they may interfere with how these treatments work.
7. Is there a chance for cancer to come back?
Yes. The probability of recurrence/relapse depends again on the type of cancer, the stage and the treatment is given. For some cancers like Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia, the relapse rate is <10%.